Module for Wave-Field Synthesis Systems
To create a virtual sound environment by Wave Field Synthesis, it is necessary to surround the audience with a line of loudspeakers. The more channels and the closer the spacing, the better.
In 2007, a lecture room at the Technical University of Berlin was equipped with 110 of our 8-channel WFS-modules. These modules were used as a basis to develop a successor with the following requirements:
- same basic concept as the predecessor
- vertical directivity suiting different mounting situations
- high-level sound reproduction
- mechanical construction suitable for fixed and mobile installation
- simplification of audio distribution
- unobtrusive design, yet heavy duty enough for mobile use
- 8×3 3” Broadband chassis, 8 short beamforming arrays with 3 chassis
- 2× 8” woofers
- sum of 4 channels for each woofer channel
- directivity suiting different installation situations
- bass-reflex enclosure with a resonance just above 50 Hz
The 2 pictures below show the maximum level for reproduction over one channel and four channels. Limiters are set rather conservative to prevent damage under all circumstances.
- 2 × 400W Hypex power supplies
- 10 x Hypex 180W amplifiers
- Four Audio HD2 Controller
- Four Audio DS1 Gigabit Switch
- Audinate Dante Modul “Brooklyn 2”
Audio performance / Technical data
|Max. level at 3% THD||†||110 dB (1 channel) / 120 dB (4 channels)|
|Freq. response||†||50 – 20 kHz|
|Dynamic range at outputs||†||120 dB|
|Output noise at power amp||†||-89 dBu|
|Noise SPL at 1m||†||-3 dB(A)|
|Power consumption/no output signal||†||60 W|
|Channel spacing||†||10 cm|
The number of audio channels for a wave-field synthesis system easily reaches 200-300 channels for a 5×6m reproduction room. Using MADI and ADAT (like in the system at the TU Berlin) implies high expenses for cabling, complexity and costs for distributing the audio signals.
This was dramatically reduced by using the Dante Audio network from Audinate. It is based on IP Layer 3, thus, commonly used network components (switches, routers) can be used for distributing audio data parallel to user data like command and control or monitoring data.
The modules comprise 2 Dante network connections which can be used either redundantly to switch glitch-free from the primary to the secondary network if one network fails. Or they can be used to daisy-chain the network from one module to the next to minimize cabling.
Thus, using one network cable to the first module and short cables for daisy chaining the modules, audio data, command and control data and arbitrary user data can be distributed.
The WFS modules can be used in fixed or mobile installations. For this, several mounting points for half couplers and safeties are provided. The following 2 pictures show different mountings: